GC-MS analysis for saturated hydrocarbons from rice varieties damaged by stem borer, Scirpophaga incertulas (Walker)

The hexane extracts of two popular rice varieties viz., ASD 16 and ADT 37 damaged by stem borer, Scirpophaga incertulas (Walker) and also healthy rice plants were subjected to Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry (GC-MS) to determine the saturated hydrocarbons (SHC). The results revealed that both the healthy and damaged plants of rice variety ASD 16 had hydrocarbon compounds numbering 17 whereas both showed variation in the profile of the compound. In the variety ADT 37, healthy plants had 17 compounds whereas stem borer damaged plants contained 14 compounds. The variation in the hydrocarbon profile of healthy and damaged plants might be related to the quality of semiochemicals these plants emit, which is important for the attraction of natural enemies in the rice ecosystem so as to reduce the further infestation by stem borer. This feature can be exploited to enhance the efficacy of natural enemies in integrated pest management of rice crop.